The role of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in patients with infected COVID-19
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CitationKunduracılar, Z. (2020). The role of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in patients with infected COVID-19. Aurum Journal of Health Sciences, 2(Supplement 1 (Congress issue)), 37-44.
: The 2019 new type of coronavirus, or 2019-nCoV (with new name is SARS-CoV-2), is closely related to the coronavirus (batSL-CoVZC45 and bat-SL-CoVZXC21), which have similar characteristics like as severe acute respiratory syndromes. Spread of the virus happens from person to person with droplets or direct contact. The average incubation period of the infection is 5-6 days (2-14 days). In patients recovered from Covid-19 pneumonia and acute respiratuar disstress sendrome (ARDS). However, post-acute physiotherapy and rehabilitation needs for the patients are not completely known. According to the informations from other viral infections such as H1N1 and SARS, respiratory and physical function losses (muscle mass and muscle function loss, myopathy, contractures, neuropathy and/or weakness acquired in intensive care) are observed after acute illness, ARDS and intensive care processes. Furthermore cognitive and emotional dysfunctions (anxiety, depression, post traumatic stress syndrome) may affect participation and quality of life. Rehabilitation interventions should be started as early as possible in mild and moderate cases. The short-term goal of cardiopulmonary rehabiliation is to alleviate dyspnea, anxiety and depression, the long-term goal is to maximize the funcutionality of the patient, improve the quality of life and facilitate her return to society. Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation programme should be done mainly via videos, brochures, remote consultations or online to prevent cross infection for the patients with Covid-19. Guidelines for Covid-19 show that physiotherapy and rehabilitation practices should practised an individual basis, based on the results of multidisciplinary evaluation, when clinically necessary. Current guidelines and protocols state that applications using airway cleaning techniques, breathing exercises and assistive devices, exercise training and respiratory muscle training should not be applied in the acute period.