A longitudinal study of dispositional compassion in Syrian origin young adults resettling in the Netherlands
Laceulle, Odilia M.
Stellar, Jennifer E.
Zeina, Al Sawaf
Chung, Joanne M.
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CitationLaceulle, O. M., Stellar, J. E., Kinan, A., Eva, A., Zeina, A. S., Laurien, M., ... & Chung, J. M. (2022). A longitudinal study of dispositional compassion in Syrian origin young adults resettling in The Netherlands. European Journal of Personality. 36(4), 543-558.
Background: Dispositional compassion is regarded as a facet of Agreeableness, an emotional driver of prosociality, and a primary marker of adjustment. We examined changes in dispositional compassion in Syrian young adults resettling in the Netherlands, as well as the role of migration-related and demographic variables in this change. Methods: We analyzed data from a 4-wave (T1-T4), 13-month longitudinal study (N = 168; T1 Mage = 28.1 years, 70% male) using Latent Growth Curve Modelling (LGCM) in Mplus. Results: Bivariate correlations indicated moderate test-retest correlations across the four waves of dispositional compassion and several correlations with the migration-related and demographic variables. A LGCM indicated a high initial level and small linear decrease in compassion over the four waves. Except for a link between pre-migration adversity and the intercept, the migration-related and demographic variables were not related to either the intercept of the slope of dispositional compassion. Conclusion: Results suggest that high levels of dispositional compassion may be common for Syrian young adults with refugee backgrounds, but on average, slowly decreases over time. The cross-sectional associations between migration-related and demographic variables and dispositional compassion in the absence of a prospective one emphasize the importance of longitudinal research for understanding trajectories of adjustment.