Packet scheduling and traffic differentiation in femtocell environment
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This paper proposes new scheduling algorithms for best effort (BE) traffic classification in business femtocell networks. The purpose of traffic classification is to provide differentiated services to BE users depending on their traffic classes, and the concept of traffic classification is called Inter User Best Effort (IUBE) in CDMA2000 1x Evolution Data Optimized (EVDO) standard. Traffic differentiation is achieved by introducing Grade of Service (GoS) as a quality of service (QoS) parameter into the scheduler's decision metric (DM). New scheduling algorithms are called QoS Round Robin (QoS-RR), QoS Proportionally Fair (QoS-PF), QoS maximum data rate control (DRC)(QoS-maxDRC), QoS average DRC (QoS-aveDRC), QoS exponent DRC (QoS-expDRC), QoS maxDRC-PF (QoS-maxDRC-PF). Two different femtocell throughput experiments are performed using real femtocell devices in order to collect real DRC values. The first experiment examines 4, 8, 12 and 16 IUBE users, while second experiment examines 4 IUBE + 2 Voice over IP (VoIP), 8 IUBE + 2 VoIP, 12 IUBE + 2 VoIP, 16 IUBE + 2 (VoIP) users. Average sector throughput, IUBE traffic differentiation, VoIP delay bound error values are investigated to compare the performance of the proposed scheduling algorithms. In conclusion, QoS-maxDRC-PF scheduler is proposed for business femtocell environment.